By Sani Ahmed
Begging as an earnestly or humbling means of seeking for alms has now become a socio-economic catastrophe retarding the development of any nation embedded in it. The perpetual thought of every being is to be opulent, to bemollified and not to be diagnosed of any form of diseases.When we analyze the oracle of this present economy, it could be perceived that poverty has incarcerated a great scale in the midst of citizens. How can a nation whose love for the citizens is 1% out of 100% develop? It can be found difficult now in Nigeria to stroll through a street without signifying out a beggar. Why because the perplexity hatred of the leaders towards the citizens is not synchronizing a way of end.
Economically if we analyze the condition of the rural dwellers right in time, almost 70% of them were living in grief. Hence misinforming the heart of the nation as a country in general.
WHY DO PEOPLE BEG?
If we are to ask in general why people do beg, the answer is till same as to the condition of what has been going on. People under a state of uncontrollable poverty beg to earn a living. How could a man who has no arms and legs survive without an aid? What can he do peptize himself? Begging arise as a result of diseases which causes many deaths and children are left with no parents or care givers. Household wealth can also drain quickly with disable members. In some societies for instance, disable people are looked down upon and not allowed to inherit assets. They are considered a stigma and excluded from public events and exposure.
The rate of begging in Nigeria as perverted through unexpected point. Efforts and strategies has been curled by the Federal Government but all comes to no avail. According to a reliable source, one among the reason why people do beg relies on location and adverse ecology i.e. location of countries as well as communities within the country can make people poor and indirectly leads to begging. Geographic and ecological factors such as mountains, swamps, desert, war and these have made life conditions unbearable which makes people to locate away from their own parental settlement to an unknown region. For example, the case of insecurity in states like Maiduguri, Yobe and Yola had made some of theoccupants of these states to relocate to other states where there’s free-war. Meanwhile, they need to beg for alms in their current state as to survive.
In other instances, some communities are cut-off from the main economic centers of the country whilst they found themselves located so far from roads, markets, health services, schools and economic facilities. This makes it just impossible for the rural dwellers to access support and assistance, and also makes it discouraging for economic investors in investing in such kinds of area which in one word leads to limitation of development in such kind of environment.
One of the dimensions of begging can be regard to as poverty while reason to poverty is as a result of bad economy and bad economy is bedrock to undeveloped nation.
REDUCTION IN BEGGING; RISE IN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
For a nation to rise to its peak in development, adequate and conceptualize structure such as good and favorable economy, good and reliable health facilities, adequate circular flow of income, reduction in poverty rate, reliable and excellent education facilities etc needs to be put in place.
“Majority of beggars prefer a minimum-wage job typically citing desire for a ‘steady income’ or getting off the street. However, many felt they could not handle conventional jobs because of mental illness, physical disability or lack of skills (CMAJ 167(5)”
Begging has sprung intro emergence before the advent of control and technologies but in case retarding the development of a nation. There’s no nation in the world where there are no beggars but at minimum point needs to be trivial. The solely way of reducing beggars is to control poverty and the only way to control poverty is to set a system of ‘PROVIDING’ in place. Any economy which unemployment rate is low, vocational training schools high, circular flow of income is normal will never experience poverty and hence reduction in begging rates.
REDUCTION IN BEGGING: TRANSFORMING OUR WORLD
Poverty as a focal origin of begging is more than lack of income of resources. It includes lack of basic services such as education, hunger, social discrimination, exclusion and lack of participation in decision making. For attaining the sustainable goals, poverty needs to be cut-off in its entire figure so as to reduce the rate of begging.
In putting stop to poverty, gender inequality need to be considered as it plays an immense role in the perpetuation of poverty and its peril; people (females) face potentially acute risks from early pregnancy and often lost hopes for an education and a better income. Also for poverty to reduce there should be birth control in the midst of the poor. Its most devastating effect is on children to whom it poses a great threat. It affects their education, health, nutrition and security life.
One among the causes of begging is also ‘Hunger’. Hunger needs to be end so as to achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture. Poor nutrition causes nearly half (45%) of deaths in children under five – 3.1 million children each year.
Also in attaining the goal ‘Decent Work and Economic Growth’ which also contributes in begging in Kano State and Nigeria in particular, majority of the beggars begged due to unemployment and poor economic growth. Vocational training should be bestowed for unemployed and illiterates citizen where they can learn a proficient work of sustaining themselves. To this, there would be endorsement, inclusive and sustainable economic growth.
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